In return, on 10 November, Darlan ordered all French forces to join the Allies. à 11h49 His great-grandfather was killed at the Battle of Trafalgar. Passons rapidement sur la carrière de Darlan avant guerre, analysée dans les cent cinquante premières pages. [9], Darlan served as the Minister of Marine in the Pétain administration from 16 June. This was not acceptable to Darlan, who argued that it would leave France defenceless. ... raconte la mort : déchirure, résignation et au revoir. Sa promotion au rang de vice-amiral de la flotte n… Subscribe. [8], On 16 June Churchill's telegram arrived agreeing to an armistice (France and Britain were bound by treaty not to seek a separate peace) provided the French fleet was moved to British ports. However, as Darlan had promised, no capital ships fell into German hands, and only three destroyers and a few dozen submarines and smaller vessels passed into German control. However, the Germans became suspicious of Darlan's opportunism and malleable loyalties as his obstructionism mounted. Le sort de ses restes dépend, comme ceux de l’ensemble des populations métropolitaines inhumées, du sort des cimetières chrétiens en Algérie. Darlan a été inhumé au cimetière militaire de Mers el-Kébir, près d’Oran, en Algérie, où sont enterrés les marins qui ont péri dans l’attaque de la flotte française. En septembre 1939, François d'Astier de La Vigerie est placé par le général Gamelin à la tête de la zone d'opérations aériennes du Nord qui comprend les principales forces aériennes françaises.Il fait la connaissance de l'amiral Darlan à l'occasion de réunions organisées par le "généralissime" et découvre un homme rusé et calculateur. Hitler, however, distrusted France and wanted it to remain neutral during his planned attack on the Soviet Union.[13]. But resistance continued, and no one heeded Giraud, who had no official status. La tombe de l'amiral DARLAN profanée au cimetière marin de Mers el kebir, Christine Albanel remet l'archive de l'époque à l'Algérie. He was willing to accept an armistice provided the French fleet was kept out of German hands. The order said that the British would embark first. Tenant compte de la force du vichysme, en particulier en Algérie, ils préfèrent d'abord miser sur l'amiral Darlan, qui s'y trouve de façon fortuite et qui prend le titre de Haut-Commissaire de France en Afrique, puis, après son assassinat le 24 décembre 1942, sur l'un des généraux les […] Lire la suite The "deal" thus was the result of a long and carefully considered Allied plan for reaching a political and military accord with Vichy. Le débat est d’autant plus passionné et polémique qu’il est en quasiment monopolisé par les nostalgiques de l’Algérie française, des intégristes religieux des deux bords, et de l’extrême droite de manière plus globale. L'amiral français Jean Louis Darlan salue la tombe. [6], Darlan expected Germany to win the war and saw it as to France's advantage to collaborate with Germany. [6]:139–40, Despite Darlan's assurance, Churchill had remained concerned that Darlan might be overruled by the politicians, and this concern was not allayed by Darlan becoming a government minister himself. 1942 : DARLAN, un amiral bien encombrant Publié par La Plume et le Rouleau sur 24 Décembre 2001, 15:48pm [6]:139–40 General Charles Noguès, Commander-in-Chief of French forces in North Africa, was dismayed at the armistice but accepted it partly (he claimed) because Darlan would not let him have the French fleet to continue hostilities against the Axis powers. To bring a quick end to the resistance and secure French co-operation, the Allies came to an agreement with Darlan, who as commander-in-chief could give the necessary orders. They lacked confidence that Darlan was being straight with them (one government adviser minuted that he had 'turned crook like the rest')[6]:149 and believed that, even if he was sincere, he could not deliver on his promise. Voir le Blog de Pierre.S : cliquez ici. Il en partage le mérite avec Georges Leygues et l'amiral Durand- Viel. Roosevelt defended it (using wording suggested by Churchill) as 'a temporary expedient, justified only by the stress of battle'. The Germans were more direct: German troops occupied the remaining 40% of France. Remerciements Photo / Yves Moreau . Les marins sont révoltés. L'Admiral passe en revue les troupes. (De nombreuses photos sont prises par l’un des participants, Raymond Quessada) Agnostique et plutôt radical socialiste, Darlan est attaché aux valeurs de laïcité (mais n'est pas hostile à l'Église), de petite propriété, de patriotisme et de morale2. L'amiral Darlan doit quitter le cimetière de Mers el Kébir et retourner à Nérac dans sa famille ... où les tombes des marins morts à Mers El Kébir ont été saccagées et les sépultures violées par des criminels de la mémoire. [15] Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Allied commander on the spot recognized Darlan as commander of all French forces in the area and recognized his self-nomination as High Commissioner of France (head of civil government) for North and West Africa on 14 November. [6]:62 Even on 15 June he was still talking of a potential armistice with indignation. By Alain Darlan. En novembre 2005, il a été constaté que sa tombe, ainsi que de nombreuses tombes de marins français … [5] Darlan promised Churchill at the Briare Conference (12 June) that no French ship would ever come into German hands. Born in Nérac, Darlan graduated from the École navale in 1902 and quickly advanced through the ranks following his service during World War I. Ne pas confondre avec la dignité d’amiral de France qui n’a pas été attribuée depuis 1869. Darlan negotiated the Paris Protocols of May 1941 with Germany, in which Germany made concessions on prisoners of war and occupation terms, and France agreed to German bases in French colonies. In return, Darlan ordered all French forces in North Africa to cease resistance and cooperate with the Allies. General de Gaulle and his Free France organization were outraged; so were the pro-Allied conspirators who had seized Algiers. His order was obeyed;[14] not only in French North Africa, but also by the Vichy forces in French West Africa with its potentially useful facilities at Dakar. En novembre 2005, il a été constaté que sa tombe, ainsi que de nombreuses tombes de marins français et l’ossuaire du cimetière militaire, avaient été profanés. Recommandé pour vous. Darlan was seen by many to be pro-Nazi Germany and he has been portrayed as a collaborator. La carrière militaire : l'amiral Darlan. 316 pp, Amiot-Dumont, 1953. Stay informed. Celui-ci ayant exigé le retour de Laval, Darlan démissionna de ses fonctions gouvernementales tout en restant chef des Armées. He was promoted to rear admiral in 1929, vice admiral in 1932, lieutenant admiral in 1937 before finally being made admiral and Chief of the Naval Staff in 1937. He was promoted to vice-amiral d'escadre in 1936. He refused to provide French conscript labour, he also insisted on protecting Jewish war veterans, and only reluctantly enforced anti-Semitic laws. In February 1941 Darlan replaced Pierre-Étienne Flandin as "Vice President of the Council" (prime minister). Avec l'amiral Darlan et l'amiral Leclerc, en décembre 1942. La tombe de l’amiral Darlan fracassée, le mausolée dans lequel sont déposés les ossements des marins non identifiés est à ciel ouvert. [6]:139–40 At Italian suggestion, the armistice terms were amended to permit the fleet to stay temporarily in North African ports, where they might potentially be seized by Italian troops from Libya. Nez bouché, chapeau sur la tête, regardant ailleurs !!! De plus en plus contesté, le 24 décembre 1942 à Alger, l’amiral Darlan est abattu en sortant de son bureau par un jeune étudiant, Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle. After attending the Coronation of George VI, Darlan complained that protocol had left him, as a mere vice admiral, "behind a pillar and after the Chinese admiral". For the racehorse, see, 1941–42: collaboration with Germany and after, British forces destroyed French ships anchored at Mers-el-Kébir, conquered French Syria and Lebanon in June–July 1941, all capital ships were scuttled, and only three destroyers and a few dozen smaller ships were captured, Newspaper clippings about François Darlan, Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation, Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation, Sons and Daughters of Jewish Deportees from France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=François_Darlan&oldid=995707304, French military personnel of World War II, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Funk, Arthur L. "Negotiating the 'Deal with Darlan'.". Il s'appuie sur des documents inédits d'archives américaines, françaises et … After France's armistice with Germany in June 1940, Darlan served in Philippe Pétain's Vichy regime as Minister of Marine, and in February 1941 he took over as Vice-President of the Council, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of the Interior and Minister of National Defence, making him the de facto head of the Vichy government. La vie et la mort de cet homme secret restent encore chargées de mystères. [14], In January 1942, Darlan assumed additional government offices. Save up to 55%. Darlan was born in Nérac, Lot-et-Garonne, to a family with a long connection with the French Navy. Ca part sur de mauvaises bases, à moins que ce Melton ait vraiment trouvé des documents inédits, la démonstration doit être tarabiscotée. Bonnier de La Chapelle was a youth of 20, the son of a French journalist. Thereafter Darlan rose swiftly. Darlan graduated from the École Navale in 1902. Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle, né le 4 novembre 1922 à Alger et mort fusillé le 26 décembre 1942 à Alger, est connu pour avoir assassiné le 24 décembre 1942 l'amiral François Darlan, ancien chef du gouvernement de Vichy, au pouvoir de fait en Afrique française du Nord. He was admiral of the fleet and Chief of Staff of the French Navy in 1939 at the beginning of World War II. He distrusted the British, and after the armistice of June 1940, he seriously considered waging a naval war against Britain. Some high American and British officials objected, and there was furious criticism by newspapers and politicians. [9] That day, according to Jules Moch, he declared that Britain was finished so there was no point in continuing to fight, and he was concerned that if there was no armistice Hitler would invade French North Africa via Franco's Spain. [13], Because he reported only to Pétain, Darlan exercised broad powers, although Pétain's own entourage (including Weygand) continued to wield considerable influence. Hommage au général Lukov – Sofia – 13 février 2021. il y a 45 minutes. [3] After the war Darlan commanded the training ships Jeanne d'Arc and Edgar Quinet, receiving promotions to frigate captain in 1920 and captain in 1926. [citation needed], On 7 November 1942, Darlan went to Algiers to visit his son, who was hospitalised. La veille de Noël, il y a quarante-quatre ans, l'amiral François Darlan était assassiné à Alger. [21] Harold Macmillan, who was Churchill's adviser to Eisenhower at the time of the assassination, wryly described Darlan's service and death by saying, "Once bought, he stayed bought. He was a monarchist, and opposed to Vichy. Get the Magazine. on Foreign Affairs magazine! [1] His father, Jean-Baptiste Darlan, was a lawyer and politician who served as Minister of Justice in the cabinet of Jules Méline. The plans for "Catapult" had been drawn up as early as 14, 15 or 16 June. As a result, more than two-thirds of the British forces were landed in England by the rescuing vessels and only one-seventh of … "[1], "Darlan" redirects here. Darlan werd in 1936 bevorderd tot Amiral en in 1937 tot stafchef van de marine. In 1902, he graduated from the French Naval Academy and during World War … Only on 27 November did the Germans try to seize the ships, but all capital ships were scuttled, and only three destroyers and a few dozen smaller ships were captured, mostly fulfilling Darlan's promise in 1940 to Churchill. De Gaulle's biographer Jean Lacouture described Darlan as "the archetypal man of failed destiny" thereafter. [7] Darlan appears to have retreated from his position on 15 June, when the Cabinet voted 13–6 for Camille Chautemps' compromise proposal to inquire about possible terms. il y a 5 heures. In 1930, he served as the French Navy's representative at the London Naval Conference, and in 1932 he was promoted to vice-amiral. On 11 February he was named Pétain's eventual successor, in accordance with Act Number Four of the constitution. L'amiral de la deuxième flotte d'Europe, un temps considéré comme le successeur du maréchal Pétain, était assassiné par Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle qui sera arrêté, interrogé puis fusillé. This belief led to Operation Catapult, where, on 3 July 1940 British forces destroyed French ships anchored at Mers-el-Kébir. Chef d’état-major de la marine (1936) qu’il contribua à moderniser, il demanda et obtint en 1939 le rétablissement à son profit de la dignité d’amiral de la Flotte pour être à grade égal au Premier lord de la mer britannique. The Allies had anticipated little resistance from French forces in North Africa, instead expecting them to accept the authority of General Henri Giraud, who was extracted from France to take charge. Melka, Robert L. "Darlan between Britain and Germany 1940–41", José Aboulker et Christine Levisse-Touzet, ", This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 13:33. ), soutenant le maréchal Pétain. As head of the Navy he successfully used his political connections to lobby for a building program to counter the rising threat from the Kriegsmarine and Regia Marina. Avec l’armistice en juin 1940, plusieurs anciens membres, ou ex-sympathisants, de la Cagoule se rallièrent au gouvernement de Vichy. Admiral Jean-Francois Darlan achieved fame in both the French Navy and in French politics during World War Two. Bras droit de Pétain, il est un des principaux responsables des actions menées pendant cette période avant de se ranger du côté des …